The Brussels Capital Region is responsible for the main roads in the city, but many local roads–classified essentially as those of a ‘residential’ nature (and accounting for 75% of all roads) – are under the responsibility of the ‘communes’ (districts). This requires cooperation between several partners on many mobility initiatives.
The Iris Plan sets out the Brussels region plan for mobility. It essentially sets out 8 priority areas of action: urban planning (multi-functional areas, etc.); public transport; reduction of traffic; walking; cycling; ‘greening’ of public areas; goods transport; and reduction of parking.
Implementation of the Iris Plan is performed through priority 8 of the Regional Development Plan (2001), which sets out the actions to be undertaken in relation to mobility. The main objectives are: to ensure accessibility to different city functions; to respect international agreements; sustainable management of mobility; improvement of public areas (beautification, accessibility, walking, cycling); protection of residential areas; safety reinforcement in all public areas, and to make Brussels a city ‘for children’.
Brussels is active within the Polis Traffic Efficiency & Mobility Working Group.