JRC - Mapping the needs for electric infrastructure in cities
It describes a method to identify optimal locations of EV infrastructure (charging stations) within a spatially extended region. Two different cases were identified: placement in a city network (urban road network) and placement in a regional or national network (rural roads and highways). For a city and a regional network, the methodology identifies high-potential areas for the installation of charging stations. In contrast, for a highway network the methodology provides explicitly the suggested locations: the charging stations should preferably be placed in already built areas, gas stations or rest areas, to minimise additional investment costs. A pilot study was made for the city of Bolzano/Bozen (city road network) and the province of Alto Adige/Südtirol (rural and highway network). The results of the study were highly appreciated by the municipality and the province.
Particular characteristics of the methodology are its versatility and ease of use. The methodology can be easily implemented by local or regional authorities as it relies mainly on data readily available to them.
It can also be used to support the implementation of the Directive on the Deployment of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure (2014/94/EU), thereby assisting Member States to enhance deployment of EVs and their recharge infrastructure. Regarding the analysis of the highway network, the methodology could provide additional input in studies that analyse the inter-connection of highway corridors across member states throughout Europe.
The report can be downloaded report here