TfL releases results following removal of Western Extension Congestion Charge
Traffic entering the former zone: In the first 12 weeks of this year traffic entering the former zone during charging hours increased by eight per cent when compared with the same period in 2010. That figure is at the lower end of TfL's forecast increase of eight to 15 per cent and means that, to date, there has been less pressure on the road network than was expected.
Traffic within the former zone: Traffic driving within the former Western Extension did increase, but again, at a lower rate than expected. Traffic driving within the former zone has increased by an estimated six per cent, which is at the lower end of the forecast six to 12 per cent increase.
Average traffic speeds within the former zone: Average traffic speeds in the former Western Extension were impacted significantly less than estimated. Average traffic speeds are estimated to be up to three per cent slower than in the same period last year but that is well below the forecast traffic speed reduction of between six and 12 per cent. This is due to lower levels of traffic increases occurring and mitigation measures that have been put into place.
Air quality impacts: In terms of air quality, TfL modelling showed that the removal of the Western Extension would have a very small impact on pollution concentrations. The available data so far for 2011 shows that air quality in the former Western Extension zone has behaved in the same way as that in the rest of London and there has not been a discernable 'WEZ removal effect'. Concentrations of NO2 have actually fallen, both inside and outside the former Western Extension.
The first few months of this year have seen adverse particulate pollution episodes affecting the whole of London, but these are not linked to the removal of the former Western Extension. They have been caused largely by the weather conditions and from pollution from the continent, which worsened concentrations of PM10 across London.
However, the Mayor and TfL are delivering a range of measures to improve air quality in the Capital, including the development of electric vehicle infrastructure and smarter travel initiatives to encourage a shift to cleaner modes of transport.
The Mayor has already introduced the Barclays Cycle Hire Scheme and two Barclays Cycle Superhighways are up and running with two more due to open this summer.
From the start of next year the London Low Emission Zone will see standards tightened for HGVs, buses and coaches and, for the first time, will require larger vans and minibuses to meet challenging emissions standards.
Age limits are also to be introduced for taxis and private hire vehicles and making eco driving courses mandatory for new licensees.
The Mayor funds and supports car clubs and is particularly pushing for the introduction of hybrid and electric cars.
He is also trialling dust suppressant technologies.
The proposals to remove the Western Extension zone were subject to extensive public consultation.
The last consultation closed in August 2010 and saw 62 per cent of people back the removal of the Western Extension.
The Mayor, on consideration of the outcome of the consultation, confirmed the removal of the Western Extension in October 2010.
The last charging day of the former Western Extension was 24 December 2010.