Barcelona is the capital and the most populous city of Catalonia, and the second largest city in Spain, with a population of 1,621,537, climbing to 4,200,000 for the metropolitan area. The main transport challenges facing Barcelona include protection of the historical city centre which does not lend well to motorised transport; a high proportion of powered two wheelers (motorcycles & mopeds) which may reduce demand for road space but cause pollution (especially noise); and high levels of commuter traffic between the city centre and suburban towns.
To address these challenges, Barcelona launched the Barcelona Municipality Mobility Pact in 1998. The pact was prepared by a broad partnership of stakeholder organisations (over 35) representing both passenger and goods transport and all modes (public transport, cycling, taxis, etc) as well as car clubs, road safety bodies, consumer organisations, driving schools, energy companies, etc. The pact’s goals are to: achieve high quality integrated public transport, improve the speed of surface public transport, increase the surface area and quality of the public areas for pedestrian use, increase the number of parking spaces and improve their quality, improve citizens’ information and preparation, and improve road signals and signs, improve road safety and respect among users of the different modes of transport, promote the user of less polluting fuels, and control air and noise pollution caused by traffic.
Barcelona is/was involved in the EU projects Conduits, SUPERHUB, eSUM, Mediate, SUGAR and Walk 21, EBSF2, ELIPTIC, MOLECULES, MYWAY, PASTA, NOVELOG and ZEEUS.
Barcelona follows an "area verda” approach for integrated parking management, watch the video below: